Coahuiltecan Language

The Coahuiltecan language is considered extinct because less than 1,000 people now speak this language.  The Institute is dedicated to the study and revival of the Coahuiltecan language, through ceremonial songs and lessons that provide easy access to learning.

More than 200 Native American groups were populating what is now central and southern Texas and northeastern Mexico when the Spanish conquistadores first arrived.

These bands were later collectively named Coahuiltecan as was the language they spoke, which was used largely for commercial purposes. Spanish records and other documents indicate that the Coahuiltecan language was spread by the Spaniards’ need to communicate with all of the bands, as they attempted conversions to Catholicism and colonization into their society. However, each band had their own distinct language, some of which has been studied and published by distinguished linguistic experts and other scholars.

For a Coahuiltecan language dictionary and other relevant information published by the Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, visit the Biodiversity Heritage Library.


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The Institute has just released its Coahuiltecan Traditional Ceremonial Songs CD and accompanying manual. This manual is made available to members of the Coahuiltecan community and people who follow an indigenous, ceremonial path.  For more information please contact the Institute through the contact page on this website.